Although chemical peels have been performed for many years, some adults aren’t sure what the treatment involves or how it can help rejuvenate their facial skin. Basically, chemical peel treatments are performed by applying an acid solution to the facial skin. The acid blisters the skin, and eventually the epidermal layer dries up and flakes off. The new skin surface that forms is generally healthier than what it replaced, and this results in an evener skin tone.
Peel treatments can be mild, moderate, or aggressive. Below, we describe the three different types of chemical peels, and this will help interested clients make an informed choice.
Superficial Peel Treatment
This is a very simple and quick treatment. It can be performed in just a half-hour and requires no downtime. A superficial peel targets problems with skin texture and tone, problems that occur near the surface of the skin layers.
The acid doesn’t penetrate very far down. In fact, only the epidermis is affected. A very mild acid solution is applied to the skin surface, and over the next 10 minutes, the acid blisters the skin cells. The solution is washed off and the face is cleansed. Over the next four or five days, the epidermis dries up much the same as it does after a mild sunburn.
This is performed using trichloroacetic acid or something similar. The acid penetrates a bit further down into the dermal layer. This type of peel requires a bit of downtime and some at-home follow-up care, but it also addresses concerns that the superficial peel doesn’t. Acne scarring, moderate wrinkling, and even melasma can be treated via a medium-depth chemical peel.
Deep Chemical Peel
This type of peel treatment addresses sun-damaged skin. Severe wrinkling and deeper-set scarring can be corrected with a deep peel treatment. The recovery period is longer because all of the skin layers are affected by the application of the acid. However, the results are quite dramatic, and the smoother, wrinkle-free and blemish-free skin remains so for up to two or three years.